Use Redis for page caching

Prerequisite

Before you continue, install Redis as discussed in Use Redis for page caching or session storage.

Configure Magento to use Redis for page caching

Following is a sample configuration to add to <your Magento install dir>app/etc/env.php:

'cache' =>
array(
   'frontend' =>
   array(
      'default' =>
      array(
         'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis',
         'backend_options' =>
         array(
            'server' => '127.0.0.1',
            'port' => '6379'
            ),
    ),
    'page_cache' =>
    array(
      'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis',
      'backend_options' =>
       array(
         'server' => '127.0.0.1',
         'port' => '6379',
         'database' => '1',
         'compress_data' => '0'
       )
    )
  )
),

where

Parameter Meaning
default, page_cache

Specify the segment name to use a particular segment or a default shortcut for all other caches.

The default cache segment enables you to configure all cache segments except for page_cache (the full page cache).

server Absolute URL to your Redis server, or 127.0.0.1 if Redis is installed on the Magento server, or a an absolute path to a UNIX socket.
port Redis server listen port
database Required if you use Redis for both the default and full page cache. You must specify the database number of one of the caches; the other cache uses 0 by default.
password Specifies a password if your Redis server requires authentication.
compress_data Required only for the full page cache. Set to 1 to compress the full page cache. Redis chooses a compression algorithm in the following order, based on availability: snappy, l4z, or lzf. If none of them available, Redis uses gzip.

Basic verification

To verify that Redis and Magento are working together, use the following commands:

Redis monitor command

In a command prompt on the server on which Redis is running, enter:

redis-cli monitor

Refresh your storefront page and you’ll see output similar to the following.

Session storage

If you use Redis for session storage, you’ll see output similar to the following:

1476824834.187250 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "select" "0"
1476824834.187587 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "hmget" "sess_sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1" "data" "writes"
1476824834.187939 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "expire" "sess_sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1" "1200"
1476824834.257226 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "select" "0"
1476824834.257239 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "hmset" "sess_sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1" "data" "_session_validator_data|a:4:{s:11:\"remote_addr\";s:12:\"10.235.34.14\";s:8:\"http_via\";s:0:\"\";s:20:\"http_x_forwarded_for\";s:0:\"\";s:15:\"http_user_agent\";s:115:\"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.143 Safari/537.36\";}_session_hosts|a:1:{s:12:\"10.235.32.10\";b:1;}admin|a:0:{}default|a:2:{s:9:\"_form_key\";s:16:\"e331ugBN7vRjGMgk\";s:12:\"visitor_data\";a:3:{s:13:\"last_visit_at\";s:19:\"2016-10-18 21:06:37\";s:10:\"session_id\";s:26:\"sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1\";s:10:\"visitor_id\";s:1:\"9\";}}adminhtml|a:0:{}customer_base|a:1:{s:20:\"customer_segment_ids\";a:1:{i:1;a:0:{}}}checkout|a:0:{}" "lock" "0"

... more ...

Page caching

If you use Redis for page caching, you’ll see output similar to the following:

1476826133.810090 [0 127.0.0.1:52366] "select" "1"
1476826133.816293 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "select" "0"
1476826133.817461 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_GLOBAL__DICONFIG" "d"
1476826133.829666 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DICONFIG049005964B465901F774DB9751971818" "d"
1476826133.837854 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_INTERCEPTION" "d"
1476826133.868374 [0 127.0.0.1:52368] "select" "1"
1476826133.869011 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "select" "0"
1476826133.869601 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DEFAULT_CONFIG_CACHE_DEFAULT__10__235__32__1080MAGENTO2" "d"
1476826133.872317 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_INITIAL_CONFIG" "d"
1476826133.879267 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_GLOBAL_PRIMARY_PLUGIN_LIST" "d"
1476826133.883312 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_GLOBAL__EVENT_CONFIG_CACHE" "d"
1476826133.898431 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DB_PDO_MYSQL_DDL_STAGING_UPDATE_1" "d"
1476826133.898794 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_RESOLVED_STORES_D1BEFA03C79CA0B84ECC488DEA96BC68" "d"
1476826133.905738 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DEFAULT_CONFIG_CACHE_STORE_DEFAULT_10__235__32__1080MAGENTO2" "d"

... more ...

1476826210.634998 [0 127.0.0.1:52439] "hmset" "zc:k:ea6_MVIEW_CONFIG" "d" "a:18:{s:19:\"design_config_dummy\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:19:\"design_config_dummy\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:39:\"Magento\\Theme\\Model\\Indexer\\Mview\\Dummy\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:0:{}}s:14:\"customer_dummy\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:14:\"customer_dummy\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:42:\"Magento\\Customer\\Model\\Indexer\\Mview\\Dummy\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:0:{}}s:13:\"cms_page_grid\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:13:\"cms_page_grid\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:43:\"Magento\\Catalog\\Model\\Indexer\\Category\\Flat\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:1:{s:8:\"cms_page\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:8:\"cms_page\";s:6:\"column\";s:7:\"page_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";N;}}}s:21:\"catalog_category_flat\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:21:\"catalog_category_flat\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:43:\"Magento\\Catalog\\Model\\Indexer\\Category\\Flat\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:6:{s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";N;}s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_decimal\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_decimal\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:27:\"catalog_category_entity_int\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:27:\"catalog_category_entity_int\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:28:\"catalog_category_entity_text\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:28:\"catalog_category_entity_text\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_varchar\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_varchar\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:32:\"catalog_category_entity_datetime\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:32:\"catalog_category_entity_datetime\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}}}s:24:\"catalog_category_product\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:24:\"catalog_category_product\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:46:\"Magento\\Catalog\\Model\\Indexer\\Category\\Product\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:2:{s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";s:6:\"column\"

... more ...

Redis ping command

Enter the following command:

redis-cli ping

PONG should be the response.

If both commands succeeded, Redis is set up properly.

More information

redis-cli command reference