Manage branches with the Project Web Interface

Every Magento Commerce (Cloud) environment has an associated active Git branch. You can manage your environments using either the Project Web Interface, the Magento Cloud CLI, or Git commands. For more information on Git branchs, see Git documentation.

For more information about managing environments using the CLI, see Manage branches with the CLI.

This topic discusses how to use the Project Web Interface to:

  • Add or delete an environment. You cannot add or delete the master branch for Pro plan Staging and Production. You can branch from Start plan Master.
  • Sync (git pull) from the environment’s parent
  • Merge (git push) to the environment’s parent

You cannot create branches from Pro plan Staging and Production master. These environments include master branches that you deploy updated Git code to from Integration master.

These sections include instructions for Pro projects updated to manage Staging and Production through the Project Web Interface. For more information adding this management to existing Pro projects, see Add Staging and Production to Pro projects.

If you do not request this update, you must use CLI commands or tickets to modify settings, variables, routes, and more for Pro plan Staging and Production environments.

Add or delete an environment

Complete development of code and added extensions in a branch and, when complete, merge (git push) the branch with its parent or master.

  • For Starter, we recommend you create a staging branch from Master, then branch from staging for development.
  • For Pro, you want to branch from Development (Integration master).

For branching strategies, review Starter and Pro architecture overviews.

Your account supports a limited number of active Git branches and an unlimited number of inactive branches. Manage active and inactive branches by deleting a branch. When deleted, it is deactivated and still listed in the project branches list. You can either activate the branch later or you can delete it entirely using the CLI.

If you need additional environments for development, enter a Support ticket for more information.

Add a branch

To add a branch:

  1. Log in to your project.
  2. In the left navigation bar, click the name of the parent environment.

    Your new branch is cloned from this environment. Choose a parent environment that is similar to the environment you’re about to create.

  3. Click Create a branch.
  4. In the provided field, enter a branch name. In many cases, the environment name is the same as its ID.

    The environment name is different from the environment ID only if you use spaces or capital letters in the environment name. An environment ID consists of all lowercase letters, numbers, and allowed symbols. Capital letters in an environment name are converted to lowercase in the ID; spaces in an environment name are converted to dashes.

    An environment name cannot include characters reserved for your Linux shell or for regular expressions. Forbidden characters include curly braces ({ }), parentheses, asterisk (*), angle brackets (< >), ampersand (&), percent (%), and other characters.

  5. Click Branch.
  6. Wait while the environment deploys.

    During deployment, its status is In process, as the following figure shows.

    Branch is deploying

    After a successful deployment, the status changes to Success:

    Branch is deploying

  7. Continue with one of the following:

Delete to make a branch inactive

To delete an environment and make it inactive:

  1. Log in to your project.
  2. In the left pane, click the name of the branch to delete.
  3. Click Configure environment as the following figure shows.

    Configure environment

  4. Click the Settings tab.
  5. Click Delete next to the environment’s status, as the following figure shows.

    Delete an environment

    A deleted (that is, inactive) environment displays with its name stricken out as the following figure shows.

    Delete an environment

Sync from the environment’s parent

Syncing an environment (or branch) is the same as git pull origin <parent>. You sync to get updated code from a parent environment. You can use this feature through the interface for all Starter and Pro environments.

For Pro plan, you can also sync from Staging and Production to your Integration master branch. This sync only pulls and pushes code, not data. To sync data, you will need to dump the database data and push it to another environment’s database. For more information, see Migrate and deploy static files and data.

To sync an environment with its parent:

  1. Log in to your project.
  2. In the left pane, click the name of the branch you want to sync.
  3. Click Sync an environment (sync).

    The following prompt displays:

    Choose what to sync

  4. Select the check box next to each item to sync and click Sync.

Merge with the environment’s parent

Merging an environment is the same as git push origin. You merge to push updated code from an environment to its parent environment (that is, a Git branch). You can merge this code up through the parent-child relationships to master. You can also deploy to Staging and Production using the merge command.

To merge an environment with its parent:

  1. Log in to your project.
  2. In the left pane, click the name of the branch you want to merge.
  3. Click Merge an environment (merge).
  4. Click Merge to confirm the action.

View logs

Through the Project Web Interface, you can review various logs for environments including build, deploy, and deployment history.

For Starter environments, you can review build and deploy logs and the deployment history. These environments include Master (Production) and all branches created from it.

For Pro environments, you can review the following logs per environment:

  • Integration: Build and deploy and deployment history
  • Staging: Build logs and deployment history. You need to SSH into the server to view deploy logs.
  • Production: Build logs and deployment history. You need to SSH into the server to view deploy logs.

If you do not see your Pro plan Staging and Production environments in the Project Web Interface, you need to enter a ticket for updating your project interface.

  1. Log in to your project.
  2. In the left pane, click an environment to review logs for.
  3. The right pane provides a deployment history of one entry per action attempted including syncs, merges, branches, snapshots, and more.
  4. To view the build log, select the Success or Failure link per deployment record on the account.

Pull code from a private Git repository

Your Magento Commerce (Cloud) project can include code located in a private Git repository. For example, a you may have code for a custom module or theme in a private repo. To do so, you must add your project’s public SSH key to your private Git repository and update your project’s composer.json.

To add a deployment key to your private GitHub repository, you must be the administrator of that repository. GitHub allows you to use a deploy key for one repository only.

If your project needs to access multiple repositories, you can choose to attach an SSH key to an automated user account. Because this account won’t be used by a human, it’s referred to as a machine user. You can then add the machine account as collaborator or add the machine user to a team with access to the repositories it needs to manipulate.

We highly recommend adding and merging this code to your project Git repositories. If you do not configure the connection, you will have build issues.

Find your deploy key

To find your project SSH public key (also referred to as a deploy key):

  1. Log in to your project using the Web Interface.
  2. Click Configure Project.
  3. Click Deploy Key.

    The following figure shows an example.

    Deploy Key

  4. Copy the deploy key to the clipboard.
  5. See Enter your GitHub deploy key.

Enter your GitHub deploy key

On GitHub, deploy keys are read-only by default. Your Magento project won’t push code to the private repository.

To enter your project’s public key as a GitHub deploy key:

  1. Log in to your GitHub repository as its administrator.
  2. Click Settings as the following figure shows.

    GitHub settings

    If you don't see this option, you're not the repository administrator and you cannot complete this task. Ask your GitHub project administrator to do this.

  3. On the Settings page, in the left navigation bar, click Deploy Keys as the following figure shows.

    GitHub deploy key

  4. Click Add deploy key.
  5. Follow the prompts on your screen to complete the task.

In composer.json, use the <user>@<host>:<.git</code> format, or ssh://<user>@<host>:<port>/<path>.git if using a non-standard port.