Define your configuration files
Each Magento 2 module has its own set of configuration files, gathered into the module’s
Unlike Magento 1, there is no monolithic configuration file in Magento 2.
Root directory location
A component’s root directory is the top-level directory for that component under which its folders and files are located. Depending on how your Magento development environment was installed, your component’s root directory can be located in two places:
<Magento install directory>/app: This is the recommended location for component development. You can easily set up this type of environment by Cloning the Magento 2 GitHub repository.
- For modules, use
- For storefront themes, use
- For Admin themes, use
- For language packages, use
- For modules, use
<Magento install directory>/vendor: This location is found in the alternative setups where the
composer create-projectcommand was used to get a Magento 2 metapackage (which downloads the CE or EE code), or a compressed Magento 2 archive was extracted in order to install Magento.
Any third party components (and the Magento application itself) are downloaded and stored under the
vendordirectory. If you are using Git to manage project, this directory is typically added to the
.gitignorefile. Therefore, we recommend you do your customization work in
The following files are required for all components:
registration.php: Among other things, this file specifies the directory in which the component is installed by vendors in production environments. By default, composer automatically installs components in the
<Magento root dir>/vendordirectory. For more information, see Component registration.
etc/module.xml: This file specifies basic information about the component such as the components dependencies and its version number. This version number is used to determine schema and data updates when
bin/magento setup:upgradeis run.
composer.json: Specifies component dependencies and other metadata. For more information, see Composer integration.
Use /etc for your configuration files
Magento 2 looks for configuration information for each module in that module’s
etc directory. Depending on the needs of your module, you might have the following configuration files at the top level of your module’s
Additions you make to those configuration files are applied globally to your module.
In addition to those files, a Magento 2 module also has nested configuration directories in the
etc directory for any required administration html, frontend, API REST, or API SOAP specific configuration. Additions you make to files in these directories override the settings in the global configuration files for the respective functionality only. That is, if you add a
config.xml file to
etc/frontend, the settings you make in that file overrides the settings in
etc/config.xml for storefront functionality only.
<your module root dir>/etc/adminhtml/
<your module root dir>/etc/frontend/
<your module root dir>/etc/webapi_rest/
<your module root dir>/etc/webapi_soap/
- Configuration files that are in the top level of that module’s
etcdirectory are global to that component.
- Configuration files placed in subdirectories (
webapi_soap) apply only to those respective functional areas.
Tailor your configuration files for what your module does
The exact set of configuration files required for your module depends on what your new module does. The required configuration files depend on how you plan to use the module: will the module be manifested on the storefront UI, or in the Magento Admin panel, or as a backend extension that makes a service call? Or all of the above. For example, if your module performs a function in the Admin, you should add any necessary configuration files for those functions to
<your module root dir>/etc/adminhtml/di.xml
<your module root dir>/etc/adminhtml/routes.xml
Similarly, if your module changes the UI, you should add the needed configuration files to
~/etc/frontend/. For example:
<your module root dir>/etc/frontend/di.xml
<your module root dir>/etc/frontend/page_types.xml
If the module is a service that may call an API, or does some other work that is not manifested in the UI you should add any needed configuration files in the REST and/or SOAP webapi configuration directories, like this:
<your module root dir>/etc/webapi_rest/di.xml
<your module root dir>/etc/webapi_soap/di.xml
Keep in mind that you might be able to handle your module’s configuration solely with configuration files at the top level of your module’s
etc directory, but the nested directory is a useful way to keep the configuration neatly compartmentalized.