Scenario-based deployment

With ece-tools 2002.1.0 and later, you can use the scenario-based deployment feature to customize the default deployment behavior. This feature uses scenarios and steps in the configuration:

  • Scenario configuration–Each deployment hook is a scenario, which is an XML configuration file that describes the sequence and configuration parameters to complete Magento deployment tasks. You configure the scenarios in the hooks section of the .magento.app.yaml file.

  • Step configuration–Each scenario uses a sequence of steps that programmatically describe the operations required to complete deployment tasks. You configure the steps in an XML-based scenario configuration file.

Magento Commerce Cloud provides a set of default scenarios and default steps in the ece-tools package. You can customize deployment behavior by creating custom XML configuration files to override or customize the default configuration. You can also use scenarios and steps to run code from custom modules.

Add scenarios using build and deploy hooks

You add the scenarios for building and deploying Magento to the hooks section of the .magento.app.yaml file. Each hook specifies the scenarios to run during each phase. The following example shows the default scenario configuration.

magento.app.yaml hooks

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hooks:
    build: |
        set -e
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/build/generate.xml
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/build/transfer.xml
    deploy: |
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/deploy.xml
    post_deploy: |
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/post-deploy.xml

With the release of ece-tools 2002.1.x, we updated the hooks configuration format. The legacy format from ece-tools 2002.0.x releases is still supported. However, you must update to the new format to use the scenario-based deployment feature.

Review scenario steps

In the hook configuration, each scenario is an XML file that contains steps to run build, deploy, or post-deploy tasks. For example, the scenario/transfer file includes three steps: compress-static-content, clear-init-directory, and backup-data

scenario/transfer.xml

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<?xml version="1.0"?>
<scenario xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:ece-tools:config/scenario.xsd">
    <step name="compress-static-content" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\Build\CompressStaticContent" priority="100"/>
    <step name="clear-init-directory" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\Build\ClearInitDirectory" priority="200"/>
    <step name="backup-data" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\Build\BackupData" priority="300">
        <arguments>
            <argument name="logger" xsi:type="object">Psr\Log\LoggerInterface</argument>
            <argument name="steps" xsi:type="array">
                <item name="static-content" xsi:type="object" priority="100">Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\Build\BackupData\StaticContent</item>
                <item name="writable-dirs" xsi:type="object"  priority="200">Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\Build\BackupData\WritableDirectories</item>
            </argument>
        </arguments>
    </step>
</scenario>

Extend a default scenario

The following example extends the default deploy scenario by appending additional deploy configuration files to the hook configuration.

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hooks:
  deploy: |
    php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/deploy.xml vendor/<vendor-name>/<module-name>/deploy.xml vendor/<vendor-name>/<module-name>/deploy2.xml

During deployment, the custom scenarios merge with the default scenario based on the following rules:

  • Scenarios are prioritized based on their sequence in the hook definition with the last scenario listed having the highest priority.

    In the example, the scenarios have the following priority:

    1. vendor/vendor-name/module-name/deploy2.xml
    2. vendor/vendor-name/module-name/deploy.xml
    3. scenario/deploy.xml (default or baseline scenario)
  • The steps in the highest priority scenario override steps with the same name in the other scenarios. New steps are added to the configuration. The same rules apply for more than 2 scenarios with each scenario being prioritized from right to left, for example (C → B → A).

Remove default steps

You remove steps from default scenarios using the skip parameter.

For example, to skip the enable-maintenance-mode and set-production-mode steps in the default deploy scenario, create a configuration file that includes the following configuration.

vendor/vendor-name/module-name/deploy-custom-mode-config.xml

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<?xml version="1.0"?>
<scenario xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:ece-tools:config/scenario.xsd">
    <step name="enable-maintenance-mode" skip="true" />
    <step name="set-production-mode"  skip="true" />
</scenario>

To use the custom configuration file, update the default .magento.app.yaml file.

.magento.app.yaml with custom deploy scenario

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hooks:
    build: |
        set -e
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/build/generate.xml
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/build/transfer.xml
    deploy: |
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/deploy.xml  vendor/vendor-name/module-name/deploy-custom-mode-config.xml
    post_deploy: |
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/post-deploy.xml

Replace default steps

Custom scenarios can replace default steps to provide custom implementation. To do so, use the default step name as the name for the custom step.

For example, in the default deploy scenario the enable-maintenance-mode step runs the default EnableMaintenanceMode PHP script provided by Magento.

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<step name="enable-maintenance-mode" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\EnableMaintenanceMode" priority="300"/>

To override this step, create a custom scenario configuration file to run a different script when the enable-maintenance-mode step runs.

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<?xml version="1.0"?>
<scenario xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:ece-tools:config/scenario.xsd">
<scenario>
    <step name="enable-maintenance-mode" type="VendorName\VendorModule\Step\CustomEnableMaintenanceMode" priority="300"/>
</scenario>

Change the step priority

Custom scenarios can change the priority of default steps. The following step changes the priority of the enable-maintenance-mode step from 300 to 10 so that the step runs earlier in the deploy scenario.

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<?xml version="1.0"?>
<scenario xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:ece-tools:config/scenario.xsd">
<scenario>
    <step name="enable-maintenance-mode" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\EnableMaintenanceMode" priority="10"/>
</scenario>

In this example, the enable-maintenance-mode step moves to the beginning of the scenario because it has a lower priority than all other steps in the default deploy scenario.

Example: Extend the deploy scenario

The following example customizes the default deploy scenario with the following changes:

  • Replaces the remove-deploy-failed-flag step with a custom step
  • Skips the clean-redis-cache sub-step in the pre-deploy step
  • Skips the unlock-cron-jobs step
  • Skips the validate-config step to disable critical validators
  • Adds a new pre-deploy step

vendor/vendor-name/module-name/deploy-extended.xml

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<?xml version="1.0"?>
<scenario xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:ece-tools:config/scenario.xsd">
    <!-- Replace "remove-deploy-failed-flag" step with custom step -->
    <step name="remove-deploy-failed-flag" type="Vendor\ModuleName\Step\Deploy\RemoveDeployFailedFlag" priority="100"/>

    <!-- Skip "clean-redis-cache" sub-step in pre-deploy step -->
    <step name="pre-deploy" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\Deploy\PreDeploy" priority="200">
        <arguments>
            <argument name="logger" xsi:type="object">Psr\Log\LoggerInterface</argument>
            <argument name="steps" xsi:type="array">
                <item name="clean-redis-cache" xsi:type="object" skip="true"/>
            </argument>
        </arguments>
    </step>

    <!-- Skip step "unlock-cron-jobs" -->
    <step name="unlock-cron-jobs" skip="true"/>

    <!-- Skip critical validators -->
    <step name="validate-config" type="Magento\MagentoCloud\Step\ValidateConfiguration" priority="300">
        <arguments>
            <argument name="logger" xsi:type="object">Psr\Log\LoggerInterface</argument>
            <argument name="validators" xsi:type="array">
                <item name="critical" xsi:type="array">
                    <item name="database-configuration" xsi:type="object" skip="true"/>
                    <item name="search-configuration" xsi:type="object" skip="true"/>
                </item>
            </argument>
        </arguments>
    </step>

    <!-- Add new step into the beginning of the deploy scenario -->
    <step name="new-pre-deploy-step" type="Vendor\ModuleName\Step\Deploy\PreDeploy" priority="10"/>
</scenario>

To use this script in your project, add the following configuration to the .magento.app.yaml file for your Magento Commerce Cloud project:

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hooks:
    build: |
        set -e
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/build/generate.xml
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/build/transfer.xml
    deploy: |
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/deploy.xml  vendor/vendor-name/module-name/deploy-extended.xml
    post_deploy: |
        php ./vendor/bin/ece-tools run scenario/post-deploy.xml

You can review the default scenarios and [default step configuration] in the ece-tools GitHub repository to determine which scenarios and steps to customize for your project build, deploy, and post-deploy tasks.

Add a custom module to extend ece-tools

The ece-tools package provides default API interfaces that follow Semantic Version standards. All API interfaces are marked with @api annotation. You can replace the default API interface implementation with your own by creating a custom module and modifying the default code as needed.

To use the custom module with Magento Commerce Cloud, you must register your module in the extensions list for the ece-tools package. The registration process is similar to the process you use to register modules in Magento Commerce.

To register a module with the ece-tools package:

  1. Create or extend the registration.php file in the root of your module.

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    \Magento\MagentoCloud\ExtensionRegistrar::register('module-name', __DIR__);
    
  2. Update the autoload section for your module configuration file to include the registration.php file to autoload module files in composer.json.

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    {
      "name": "vendor/ece-tools-extend",
      "description": "Extension for ece-tools",
      "type": "magento2-component",
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "license": "OSL-3.0",
      "autoload": {
        "files": [ "registration.php" ],
        "psr-4": {
          "Vendor\\EceToolExtend\\": "src/"
        }
      }
    }
    
  3. Add the config/services.xml file into your module. This configuration be merged over config/services.xml from ece-tools package.

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    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <container xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services"
               xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
               xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services https://symfony.com/schema/dic/services/services-1.0.xsd">
        <services>
            <defaults autowire="true" autoconfigure="true" public="true"/>
    
            <prototype namespace="Vendor\EceToolExtend\" resource="../src/*" exclude="../src/{Test}"/>
    
            <!-- Use your own implementation of EnvironmentDataInterface -->
            <service id="Magento\MagentoCloud\Config\EnvironmentDataInterface" alias="Vendor\EceToolExtend\Config\CustomEnvironmentData" />
        </services>
    </container>
    

To learn more about dependency injection, see Symfony Dependency Injection.