Technologies and requirements

This topic describes technologies, knowledge, accounts, and steps to complete when working with your Magento Commerce Cloud code, environments, and store(s) and site(s). If you are not experienced with a technology, we provide additional links and information to get you started.

Technologies

The following technologies are requirements for developing and deploying your store code:

  • Git
  • Composer
  • Magento 2
  • Continuous Integration
  • Architectures including Starter or Pro architecture

Here are some advanced technologies we recommend getting familiar with:

Magento Commerce Cloud does not support the split database performance solution at this time.

What is Git

Git is the heart of all your code in repositories. It acts as a version control system through branches from a parent. Multiple developers can work together in personal branches all merging into the same parent. You can also work on features at the same time in multiple branches.

We hope you have a good working knowledge of Git. Need some help? Don’t worry, we have you covered with some of our favorite links and information. We’ll also include a Git guide to branching and developing soon.

To get started with Git, you should have Git installed on your local.

In addition to Git requirements for valid branch names, Magento Commerce adds two additional requirements: The / character is not allowed. Branch names must be case-insensitively unique. In other words, if you have a branch named CaSe, you cannot create another branch named case.

You must use Secure Shell (SSH) and not HTTPS to connect to the Git repository. We walk you through the process of setting this up with your local.

Supported software versions

Magento Commerce Cloud uses:

  • Operating system: Debian GNU/Linux
  • Web server: nginx

You cannot upgrade the software, but you can configure the following services:

See the Magento Commerce Cloud service versions information for the latest software version requirements.

For Staging and Production environments, you use the Fastly CDN module for Magento 2 for CDN and caching services. See Configure Fastly services.

For information about configuring the software versions to use in your implementation, see the following Magento Commerce Cloud configuration files:

Requirements to get started

To get started as a developer in a Magento Commerce Cloud project, you need to set up the following:

  • Get repo.magento.com credentials in your account.

  • Get a project invitation from the Account Owner or a super user.

  • Set up a local Docker development environment.

    Magento Commerce Cloud environments are Read Only, including all Starter environments and all Pro Integration, Staging, and Production environments. In a local development environment, you can write and test code prior to pushing it to an Integration environment for further testing, followed by deployment to Staging and Production.

    In the local development environment, you develop in branches to add modules, extensions, third-party integrations, and configurations. We recommend reading over develop and deploy process for your Starter or Pro plan.

Magento configurations

Magento Commerce Cloud deploys Magento in Production mode by default. Magento Commence Cloud does not support Developer mode.

Before you test any custom code in your local Magento Commerce environment, you must do all of the following:

Development and testing

For development and testing, we recommend the following:

  • Test your site in an Integration (development) and Staging (near-production) environment as you complete modifications

    You can enable and test individual features, new extensions, and third-party integration on different environments prior to merging into a single environment.

  • Verify magento setup:install and magento setup:upgrade commands work during the build and deploy process and that any extensions and customizations compile correctly in Production mode

    You can set an environment variable or enter a CLI command for this specific mode.

  • Fully test your site in Staging as a merchant and customer prior to Production deployment
  • Set up Fastly and verify that the Fastly VCL is uploaded
  • Before you begin the site launch process, submit a Magento Support ticket to provide all storefront domains and subdomains for Staging and Production environments. This information is required to provision SSL/TLS certificates for each environment. See Information you need to launch your site.
  • For custom deploy hooks in Integration, submit a Support ticket to add the hooks to the Staging and Production deployment process

License and authentication requirements

When you purchase a Magento Commerce Cloud subscription, Magento creates an account for the License Owner and sends an invitation to the License Owner email address with account verification and login instructions. The License Owner has the Account owner role with permission to create user accounts and assign roles for technical staff, consultants, and Magento partners involved in the code and production of the stores to the project.

To work with and deploy stores, you need the following:

Your Magento Commerce account must authenticate using any of the following:

  • GitHub
  • Bitbucket
  • Google
  • Create your own Cloud account