Magento 2.0.18 is the final 2.0.x release. After March 2018, Magento 2.0.x will no longer receive security patches, quality fixes, or documentation updates.
To maintain your site's performance, security, and PCI compliance, upgrade to the latest version of Magento.

Command naming guidelines

Naming guideline overview

Magento 2 introduces a new command-line interface (CLI) that enables component developers to plug in commands provided by modules.

As an extension developer, you can now create and distribute your own commands for Magento applications. But as for any implementation, it’s also important to follow some general conventions to keep your commands consistent with commands from other developers. Being consistent in this way reduces the user’s learning curve.

This topic discusses our recommended naming conventions.

Command name

A command name is a part of the command, which defines behavior of the command on the very high level. In the command it goes right after the command’s name. For example, in bin/magento setup:upgrade, bin/magento is the command’s name and setup:upgrade is the name of the command.

If you have a Magento installation handy, enter the following to display the current list of commands:

php <your Magento install dir>/bin/magento --list

Format: group:[subject:]action

group

group represents a group of related commands. Commands in a group display in a list, which in turn makes it easier for the user to find the desired command. To find a group name for a command, imagine an subject area where it can be used. The subject area can be any of the following:

  • Domain area (for example, module for actions with modules, info for commands that provide some information)
  • Workflow area (for example, admin for commands that can be used by an administrator, dev for a developer)

subject

subject is a subject for the action. The subject is optional, but it can be useful for defining sets of commands that work with the same object. If a subject is represented by a compound word, use a dash or hyphen character to separate the words.

action

action is an action the command does.

Examples

// general commands: just a group and an action
magento setup:install
magento module:status

// set of commands with a subject
magento setup:config:set
magento setup:config:delete
magento setup:db-schema:upgrade
magento setup:db-data:upgrade

db-schema and db-data are examples of compound words.

Command options and arguments

Options and arguments follow the command name and modify the command’s behavior.

For example, in bin/magento module:disable --force Magento_Catalog, the --force option and the Magento_Catalog argument bypass the restrictions and specify a particular module to be disabled; in this case, regardless of dependencies on other modules.

Options and arguments create different user experiences. As a developer, you can choose which type of input is better for your particular case.

Command arguments

Arguments are values passed by the user in a specified order. The argument name is not visible to the user.

Format: single word or a compound word separated with a dash or hyphen character

Example:

magento dev:theme:create frontend vendor themename

where:

frontend is a subject area argument

vendor is a vendor argument

themename is a theme name argument

Use arguments when you need required data from the user. We recommend as few arguments as possible (no more then three) so the user will not confuse their order.

To make it simpler for the user, we recommend the following:

  • Run the CLI multiple times for providing multiple similar values instead of running it once with 20 values
  • Use default values for required arguments where possible.

    You can then use options instead of arguments to minimize the amount of required data the user must enter.

  • Replace arguments with options: options are named, so the user can provide them in any order. This requires additional data validation (by default, all options are optional).

Command Options

Options are name-value pairs. The sequence of entered values doesn’t matter.

An option can have a value or no value. An option that does not require a value represents a flag (yes or no).

An option can also have a one-letter shortcut as an alternative to its full name. Enable shortcuts for often-used options or if it’s easy to determine what the shortcut means. Usually it makes sense to enable shortcuts for options similar to the ones used in widely-used commands (for example, -f for --force, -v for --verbose, -h for --help).

Format: single word or a compound word separated with a dash or hyphen character.

For example,

magento dev:theme:create --parent=Magento/luma frontend arg1 arg2
magento dev:theme:create -p=Magento/luma frontend vendor themename
magento dev:theme:create --extend-from=Magento/luma frontend vendor themename
magento module:disable -f Magento_Cms

Where:

--parent is an option that specifies a parent theme

-p is a shortcut for --parent

-f is a shortcut for a non-value option --force

arg1, arg2, frontend, vendor and themename are arguments (see Command options and arguments).

Use options for:

  • Optional data
  • Required data that has a default value

Example:

// correct
magento dev:theme:create --extend-from=Magento/luma frontend Foo bar
magento module:disable --force Magento_Catalog
magento module:disable -f Magento_Catalog

//incorrect
magento module:disable --force=1 Magento_Catalog
magento module:disable -f=yes Magento_Catalog

Recommendations to avoid naming collisions

To avoid naming your command the same as another command, we recommend:

  • Looking at other extensions in the Magento Marketplace before you choose a name for your commands. By planning ahead, you can avoid naming collisions entirely.

  • Restricting command names to start with a unique name, such as a vendor name. The usability of the command depends on what you choose for a vendor name.

    For example, myname:dev:theme:create is not obvious and is hard to remember.

    The vendor name doesn’t have to start the command name; it could be in the middle. This way, related commands are grouped together.

    Examples:

    dev:myname:theme:create
    dev:myname:theme:delete
    

How to add CLI commands