Magento 2.0.18 is the final 2.0.x release. After March 2018, Magento 2.0.x will no longer receive security patches, quality fixes, or documentation updates.
To maintain your site's performance, security, and PCI compliance, upgrade to the latest version of Magento.

Templates XSS security

Security measures against XSS attacks

To prevent XSS issues Magento recommends the following rules for escaping output in templates:

  • If a method indicates that the contents is escaped, do not escape: getTitleHtml(), getHtmlTitle() (the title is ready for the HTML output)

  • Type casting and php function count() don’t need escaping (for example echo (int)$var, echo (bool)$var, echo count($var))

  • Output in single quotes doesn’t need escaping (for example echo 'some text')

  • Output in double quotes without variables doesn’t need escaping (for example echo "some text")

  • For all other cases, escape the data using specific escape functions.

The following code sample illustrates the XSS-safe output in templates:

<?php echo $block->getTitleHtml() ?>
<?php echo $block->getHtmlTitle() ?>
<?php echo $block->escapeHtml($block->getTitle()) ?>
# <?php echo (int)$block->getId() ?>
<?php echo count($var); ?>
<?php echo 'some text' ?>
<?php echo "some text" ?>
<a href="<?php echo $block->escapeXssInUrl($block->getUrl()) ?>"><?php echo $block->getAnchorTextHtml() ?

Escape functions for templates

For the following output cases, use the specified function to generate XSS-safe output.

The upcoming release of Magento 2.2 will deprecate these functions.

Please check back on this page after the 2.2 release for updated documentation on new escape functions.

Case: JSON output
Function: No function needed for JSON output.

  <!-- In this example $postData is a JSON string -->
  <button class="action" data-post='<?php /* @noEscape */ echo $postData ?>' />

Case: String output that should not contain HTML
Function: escapeHtml

  <span class="label"><?php echo $block->escapeHtml($block->getLabel()) ?></span>

Case: URL output
Function: escapeUrl

  <a href="<?php echo $block->escapeUrl($block->getCategoryUrl()) ?>">Some Link</a>

Case: HTML attributes
Function: escapeQuote

  <span class="<?php $block->escapeQuote($block->getSpanClass()) ?>">Product Description</span>

Static Test

To check your template for XSS vulnerabilities, you can use the static test XssPhtmlTemplateTest.php in dev\tests\static\testsuite\Magento\Test\Php\.

This static test finds all echo calls in PHTML-templates and determines if the output is properly escaped.

It covers the following cases:

  • /* @noEscape */ before output. Output doesn’t require escaping. Test is green.

  • /* @escapeNotVerified */ before output. Output escaping is not checked and should be verified. Test is green.

  • Methods which contain "html" in their names (for example echo $object->{suffix}Html{postfix}()). Data is ready for the HTML output. Test is green.

  • AbstractBlock methods escapeHtml, escapeUrl, escapeQuote, escapeXssInUrl are allowed. Test is green.

  • Type casting and php function count() are allowed (for example echo (int)$var, (bool)$var, count($var)). Test is green.

  • Output in single quotes (for example echo 'some text'). Test is green.

  • Output in double quotes without variables (for example echo "some text"). Test is green.

  • Other of previously mentioned. Output is not escaped. Test is red.