Use Redis for session storage

Prerequisite

Before you continue, install Redis.

You can use Redis for session storage in Magento versions 2.0.6 and later only.

Configure Magento to use Redis for session storage

Following is a sample configuration to add to <your Magento install dir>app/etc/env.php:

    'session' =>
    array (
      'save' => 'redis',
      'redis' =>
      array (
        'host' => '127.0.0.1',
        'port' => '6379',
        'password' => '',
        'timeout' => '2.5',
        'persistent_identifier' => '',
        'database' => '2',
        'compression_threshold' => '2048',
        'compression_library' => 'gzip',
        'log_level' => '1',
        'max_concurrency' => '6',
        'break_after_frontend' => '5',
        'break_after_adminhtml' => '30',
        'first_lifetime' => '600',
        'bot_first_lifetime' => '60',
        'bot_lifetime' => '7200',
        'disable_locking' => '0',
        'min_lifetime' => '60',
        'max_lifetime' => '2592000'
      )
    ),

where

Command line Parameter Parameter name Meaning Default value
session-save-redis-host host Fully qualified hostname, IP address, or absolute path if using UNIX sockets. localhost
session-save-redis-port port Redis server listen port. 6379
session-save-redis-password password Specifies a password if your Redis server requires authentication. empty
session-save-redis-timeout timeout Connection timeout, in seconds. 2.5
session-save-redis-persistent-id persistent_identifier Unique string to enable persistent connections (for example, sess-db0).
Known issues with phpredis and php-fpm.
 
session-save-redis-db database Unique Redis database number, which is recommended to protect against data loss.

Important: If you use Redis for more than one type of caching, the database numbers must be different. It is recommended that you assign the default caching database number to 0, the page caching database number to 1, and the session storage database number to 2.
0
session-save-redis-compression-threshold compression_threshold Set to 0 to disable compression (recommended when suhosin.session.encrypt = On. Known issue with strings of more than 64KB. 2048
session-save-redis-compression-lib compression_library Options: gzip, lzf, lz4 or snappy. gzip
session-save-redis-log-level log_level Set to any of the following, listed in order from least verbose to most verbose:
0 (emergency: only the most severe errors)
1 (alert: immediate action required)
2 (critical: application component unavailable)
3 (error: runtime errors, not critical but must be monitored)
4 (warning: additional information, recommended)
5 (notice: normal but significant condition)
6 (info: informational messages)
7 (debug: the most information for development or testing only)
1
session-save-redis-max-concurrency max_concurrency Maximum number of processes that can wait for a lock on one session. For large production clusters, set this to at least 10% of the number of PHP processes. 6
session-save-redis-break-after-frontend break_after_frontend Number of seconds to wait before trying to break the lock for frontend (that is, storefront) session. 5
session-save-redis-break-after-adminhtml break_after_adminhtml Number of seconds to wait before trying to break the lock for an adminhtml (that is, Magento Admin) session. 30
session-save-redis-first-lifetime first_lifetime Lifetime, in seconds, of session for non-bots on the first write, or use 0 to disable. 600
session-save-redis-bot-first-lifetime bot_first_lifetime Lifetime, in seconds, of session for bots on the first write, or use 0 to disable. 60
session-save-redis-bot-lifetime bot_lifetime Lifetime, in seconds, of session for bots on subsequent writes, or use 0 to disable. 7200
session-save-redis-disable-locking disable_locking Disable session locking entirely. 0 (false)
session-save-redis-min-lifetime min_lifetime Minimum session lifetime, in seconds. 60
session-save-redis-max-lifetime max_lifetime Maximum session lifetime, in seconds. 2592000 (720 hours)

TTL for session records use the value for Cookie Lifetime, which is configured in Admin. If Cookie Lifetime is set to 0 (the default is 3600), then Redis sessions expire in the number of seconds specified in min_lifetime (the default is 60). This discrepancy is due to differences in how Redis and session cookies interpret a lifetime value of 0. If that behavior is not desired, increase the value of min_lifetime.

Basic verification

To verify that Redis and Magento are working together, use the following commands:

Redis monitor command

In a command prompt on the server on which Redis is running, enter:

redis-cli monitor

Refresh your storefront page and you’ll see output similar to the following.

Session storage

If you use Redis for session storage, you’ll see output similar to the following:

1476824834.187250 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "select" "0"
1476824834.187587 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "hmget" "sess_sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1" "data" "writes"
1476824834.187939 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "expire" "sess_sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1" "1200"
1476824834.257226 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "select" "0"
1476824834.257239 [0 127.0.0.1:52353] "hmset" "sess_sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1" "data" "_session_validator_data|a:4:{s:11:\"remote_addr\";s:12:\"10.235.34.14\";s:8:\"http_via\";s:0:\"\";s:20:\"http_x_forwarded_for\";s:0:\"\";s:15:\"http_user_agent\";s:115:\"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.143 Safari/537.36\";}_session_hosts|a:1:{s:12:\"10.235.32.10\";b:1;}admin|a:0:{}default|a:2:{s:9:\"_form_key\";s:16:\"e331ugBN7vRjGMgk\";s:12:\"visitor_data\";a:3:{s:13:\"last_visit_at\";s:19:\"2016-10-18 21:06:37\";s:10:\"session_id\";s:26:\"sgmeh2k3t7obl2tsot3h2ss0p1\";s:10:\"visitor_id\";s:1:\"9\";}}adminhtml|a:0:{}customer_base|a:1:{s:20:\"customer_segment_ids\";a:1:{i:1;a:0:{}}}checkout|a:0:{}" "lock" "0"
... more ...

Page caching

If you use Redis for page caching, you’ll see output similar to the following:

1476826133.810090 [0 127.0.0.1:52366] "select" "1"
1476826133.816293 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "select" "0"
1476826133.817461 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_GLOBAL__DICONFIG" "d"
1476826133.829666 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DICONFIG049005964B465901F774DB9751971818" "d"
1476826133.837854 [0 127.0.0.1:52367] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_INTERCEPTION" "d"
1476826133.868374 [0 127.0.0.1:52368] "select" "1"
1476826133.869011 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "select" "0"
1476826133.869601 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DEFAULT_CONFIG_CACHE_DEFAULT__10__235__32__1080MAGENTO2" "d"
1476826133.872317 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_INITIAL_CONFIG" "d"
1476826133.879267 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_GLOBAL_PRIMARY_PLUGIN_LIST" "d"
1476826133.883312 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_GLOBAL__EVENT_CONFIG_CACHE" "d"
1476826133.898431 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DB_PDO_MYSQL_DDL_STAGING_UPDATE_1" "d"
1476826133.898794 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_RESOLVED_STORES_D1BEFA03C79CA0B84ECC488DEA96BC68" "d"
1476826133.905738 [0 127.0.0.1:52369] "hget" "zc:k:ea6_DEFAULT_CONFIG_CACHE_STORE_DEFAULT_10__235__32__1080MAGENTO2" "d"

... more ...

1476826210.634998 [0 127.0.0.1:52439] "hmset" "zc:k:ea6_MVIEW_CONFIG" "d" "a:18:{s:19:\"design_config_dummy\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:19:\"design_config_dummy\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:39:\"Magento\\Theme\\Model\\Indexer\\Mview\\Dummy\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:0:{}}s:14:\"customer_dummy\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:14:\"customer_dummy\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:42:\"Magento\\Customer\\Model\\Indexer\\Mview\\Dummy\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:0:{}}s:13:\"cms_page_grid\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:13:\"cms_page_grid\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:43:\"Magento\\Catalog\\Model\\Indexer\\Category\\Flat\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:1:{s:8:\"cms_page\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:8:\"cms_page\";s:6:\"column\";s:7:\"page_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";N;}}}s:21:\"catalog_category_flat\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:21:\"catalog_category_flat\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:43:\"Magento\\Catalog\\Model\\Indexer\\Category\\Flat\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:6:{s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";N;}s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_decimal\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_decimal\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:27:\"catalog_category_entity_int\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:27:\"catalog_category_entity_int\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:28:\"catalog_category_entity_text\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:28:\"catalog_category_entity_text\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_varchar\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:31:\"catalog_category_entity_varchar\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}s:32:\"catalog_category_entity_datetime\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:32:\"catalog_category_entity_datetime\";s:6:\"column\";s:9:\"entity_id\";s:18:\"subscription_model\";s:71:\"Magento\\CatalogStaging\\Model\\Mview\\View\\Category\\Attribute\\Subscription\";}}}s:24:\"catalog_category_product\";a:4:{s:7:\"view_id\";s:24:\"catalog_category_product\";s:12:\"action_class\";s:46:\"Magento\\Catalog\\Model\\Indexer\\Category\\Product\";s:5:\"group\";s:7:\"indexer\";s:13:\"subscriptions\";a:2:{s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";a:3:{s:4:\"name\";s:23:\"catalog_category_entity\";s:6:\"column\"

... more ...

Redis ping command

Enter the following command:

redis-cli ping

PONG should be the response.

If both commands succeeded, Redis is set up properly.

More information

redis-cli command reference