Security overview

Enhanced password management

Magento has strengthened the hashing algorithms (SHA-256) used in password management.

Improved prevention of cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks by making escaped data the default

The Magento Framework has adopted conventions that regulate the escaping of data in output. These conventions include the ability to escape output for HTML pages (HTML, JSON, and JavaScript) and email. Where possible, escaping is transparent to client code. See Security measures against XSS attacks in the Frontend Developer Guide.

More flexible file system ownership and permissions

Starting in version 2.0.6, Magento no longer explicitly sets file system permissions. Instead, we recommend that certain files and directories be writable in a development environment and read-only in a production environment.

To provide you with a simple way to restrict access to the file system in production, we provide the flexibility for you to further restrict those permissions using a umask.

For an overview, see Overview of ownership and permissions.

For details about ownership and permissions in development and production, see Magento ownership and permissions in development and production.

Improved prevention of clickjacking exploits

Magento safeguards your store from clickjacking attacks by using an X-Frame-Options HTTP request header. For more information, see X-Frame-Options header.

Use of non-default Magento Admin URL

A simple Magento Admin URL (like admin or backend) makes it easy to target attacks on specific locations using automated password guessing. To prevent against this type of attack, Magento by default creates a random Admin URI when you install the product. The CLI command php bin/magento info:adminuri is provided so that you can see the URI if you forget it. You can also use the CLI to change this URI. Although the use of a non-default admin URL will not secure the site, its use will help prevent large-scale automated attacks. See Display or change the Admin URI in Configuration Guide for more information.

Configuration Guide