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Out of memory errors

You may encounter an error, caused by your system running out of physical memory, when you attempt to install or update an extension or the latest Magento 2.3.x version. We recommend you create a swap file to avoid this error.

Symptom

When installing or updating the Magento application or components like extensions, themes, or language packages, an error similar to the following displays:

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Could not complete update {"components":[
{"name":"magento/module-bundle-sample-data","version":"100.1.0"}
]} successfully: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

The error proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory can also display on the command line.

Description

We recommend you allocate 2GB of memory to PHP to make sure your installation or upgrade succeeds. The error might mean you have exhausted the physical memory in your machine and your system has no swap file available. At minimum, we recommend you have at least 2GB of RAM and an enabled swap file.

Solution

First, make sure you allocated 2GB of memory to PHP; otherwise, your installation or upgrade might still run out of memory.

If you’ve already done that, create a swap file on your machine. A Linux machine uses swap space if it needs more memory resources and the RAM is full. The swap space is used for inactive pages in memory.

The following are suggestions only; other options might be available. Consult a network administrator or another knowledgeable resource before you continue. You must run the commands to create a swap file as a user with root privileges.

Swap file on Ubuntu

Use the fallocate command as discussed in these references:

Swap file on CentOS

Use the mkswap command as discussed in these references: