Configure remote storage

The Remote Storage module provides the option to store media files and schedule imports/exports in a persistent, remote storage container using a storage service, such as AWS S3 or Azure Blob Storage. By default, Magento stores media files in the same filesystem that contains the application. This is inefficient for complex, multi-server configurations, and can result in degraded performance when sharing resources. With the Remote Storage module, you can store media files in the pub/media directory and import/export files in the var directory of the remote object storage to take advantage of server-side image resizing.

schema image

Remote storage options

You can configure remote storage using the remote-storage option with the setup CLI command. The remote-storage option uses the following syntax:


The parameter-name refers to the specific remote storage parameter name. The following table lists the parameters available for configuring remote storage:

Command line Parameter Parameter name Description Default value
remote-storage-driver driver Adapter name
Possible values:
file: Disables remote storage and uses the local filesystem
aws-s3: Use the Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3)
remote-storage-bucket bucket Object storage or container name none
remote-storage-prefix prefix Optional prefix (location inside of object storage) empty
remote-storage-region region Region name none
remote-storage-key access key Optional access key empty
remote-storage-secret secret key Optional secret key empty

Storage adapters

The default storage location is in the local filesystem. A storage adapter enables you to connect to a storage service and store your files anywhere. Magento supports configuring the following storage services:

Enable remote storage

You can install remote storage during a new Magento installation or add it to an existing Magento instance using remote-storage parameter name-and-value pairs with setup CLI commands. Minimally, you must supply the storage driver, bucket, and region.

The following examples enable the remote storage with an AWS S3 storage adapter in the US:

  • Install new Magento with remote storage

    bin/magento setup:install --remote-storage-driver="aws-s3" --remote-storage-bucket="myBucket" --remote-storage-region="us-east-1"
  • Enable remote storage on existing Magento

    bin/magento setup:config:set --remote-storage-driver="aws-s3" --remote-storage-bucket="myBucket" --remote-storage-region="us-east-1"

Migrate content

After you enable remote storage for a specific adapter, you can use the CLI to migrate existing media files to the remote storage.

./magento2ce/bin/magento remote-storage:sync

The sync command only migrates files in the pub/media directory, not the import/export files in the var directory. See Scheduled Import/Export in the Magento 2.4 User Guide.