Reporting

The Magento Functional Testing Framework provides two types of reporting:

  • Inline reporting that you can view in the terminal as you run mftf or codecept CLI commands.
  • HTML reports that you can view using the Allure Framework after a test run completes.

When you run a test, MFTF copies all reporting artifacts to the dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output subdirectory in the Magento root directory. The directory contains:

  • allure-results/ that is a directory generated and served by the Allure Framework.
  • failed that is a text file containing relative paths to failed tests after the last test run. The paths are relative to dev/tests/acceptance/.
  • .html and .png files that are screenshots of fails in HTML and PNG formats. To cleanup the _output/ directory, remove them manually.

The mftf tool logs output continuously to the dev/tests/acceptance/mftf.log file.

Command line

MFTF reports about its progress during test run when you run the mftf CLI tool with run:test or run:group commands.

The report can contain three main parts:

  • Pre-run checks:
  • Environment check, such as PHP warnings, etc.
  • XML test validation like deprecation warnings such as missing required components in XML tests.
  • Codeception report which is the progress report for each test.
  • Total results of the test run such as number of tests, assertions, and failures.

To manage the level of verbosity, use -v or --verbose flag in the mftf commands. To enable verbosity using the codecept commands, refer to the Codeception Console Commands.

The following sections demonstrate an example interpretation of a complete log separated into chunks.

Pre-run check report

First, MFTF returns DEPRECATION warnings alerting you that required test components are missing in XML test definitions.

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DEPRECATION: Test AdminFilteringCategoryProductsUsingScopeSelectorTest is missing required annotations.{"testName":"AdminFilteringCategoryProductsUsingScopeSelectorTest","missingAnnotations":"stories"}
DEPRECATION: Test AdminAbleToShipPartiallyInvoicedItemsTest is missing required annotations.{"testName":"AdminAbleToShipPartiallyInvoicedItemsTest","missingAnnotations":"stories"}
DEPRECATION: Test AdminRemoveProductWeeeAttributeOptionTest is missing required annotations.{"testName":"AdminRemoveProductWeeeAttributeOptionTest","missingAnnotations":"stories"}
Generate Tests Command Run

Generate Tests Command Run indicates that test generation is finished and tests are able to be executed.

Test execution report

A test execution report is generated by Codeception and includes configuration information, scenario execution steps, and PASSED/FAIL verdict after each test completion.

General information

The general information can be useful for MFTF contributors, but can be ignored by a test writer.

Let’s consider the general part of the following test execution report:

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Generate Tests Command Run
Codeception PHP Testing Framework v4.1.4
Powered by PHPUnit 9.1.3 by Sebastian Bergmann and contributors.
Running with seed: 

Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework.functional Tests (2) ------------------------
Modules: \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoWebDriver, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoSequence, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoAssert, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoActionProxies, Asserts, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Helper\HelperContainer

After the test generation command (mentioned in the previous section), MFTF delegates control to the vendor/codeception tool, which is the Codeception PHP Testing Framework of version 4.1.4 that uses PHPUnit of version 9.1.3.

The tool runs 2 Tests using the configuration defined in the functional suite under the Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework namespace. The corresponding configuration file is acceptance/tests/functional.suite.yml. It enables Modules: \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoWebDriver, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoSequence, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoAssert, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Module\MagentoActionProxies, Asserts, \Magento\FunctionalTestingFramework\Helper\HelperContainer,..

Passed tests

The next chunk of the log reports about test execution of the first test:

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AdminLoginSuccessfulTestCest: Admin login successful test
Signature: Magento\AcceptanceTest\_default\Backend\AdminLoginSuccessfulTestCest:AdminLoginSuccessfulTest
Test: tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminLoginSuccessfulTestCest.php:AdminLoginSuccessfulTest
Scenario --
[loginAsAdmin] AdminLoginActionGroup
  [navigateToAdmin] am on page "/admin/admin"
  [fillUsername] fill field "#username","admin"
  [fillPassword] fill field "#login","123123q"
  [clickLogin] click ".actions .action-primary"
  [clickLoginWaitForPageLoad] wait for page load 30
  [clickDontAllowButtonIfVisible] conditional click ".modal-popup .action-secondary",".modal-popup .action-secondary",true
  [closeAdminNotification] close admin notification 
[assertLoggedIn] AssertAdminSuccessLoginActionGroup
  [waitForAdminAccountTextVisible] wait for element visible ".page-header .admin-user-account-text",60
  [assertAdminAccountTextElement] see element ".page-header .admin-user-account-text"
[logoutFromAdmin] AdminLogoutActionGroup
  [amOnLogoutPage] am on page "/admin/admin/auth/logout/"
 PASSED 

The running test is AdminLoginSuccessfulTestCest, which is Admin login successful test (this text is generated from the test name but with the Cest part excluded). Its test signature is Magento\AcceptanceTest\_default\Backend\AdminLoginSuccessfulTestCest:AdminLoginSuccessfulTest that matches a className:methodName format using namespaces. A path to the corresponding Test is tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminLoginSuccessfulTestCest.php:AdminLoginSuccessfulTest (relative to the acceptance/ directory).

Scenario lists the tests steps as they run during test execution, ending with the successful test verdict PASSED. It means that all test steps were processed as expected.

Failed tests

The second test fails with the following report:

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AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest: Admin menu navigation with secret keys test
Signature: Magento\AcceptanceTest\_default\Backend\AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest:AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest
Test: tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.php:AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest
Scenario --
[enableUrlSecretKeys] magento cli "config:set admin/security/use_form_key 1",60
Value was saved.

[cleanInvalidatedCaches1] magento cli "cache:clean config full_page",60
Cleaned cache types:
config
full_page

[loginAsAdmin] AdminLoginActionGroup
  [navigateToAdmin] am on page "/admin/admin"
  [fillUsername] fill field "#username","admin"
  [fillPassword] fill field "#login","123123q"
  [clickLogin] click ".actions .action-primary"
  [clickLoginWaitForPageLoad] wait for page load 30
  [clickDontAllowButtonIfVisible] conditional click ".modal-popup .action-secondary",".modal-popup .action-secondary",true
  [closeAdminNotification] close admin notification 
[clickStoresMenuOption1] click "#menu-magento-backend-stores"
[waitForStoresMenu1] wait for loading mask to disappear 
[clickStoresConfigurationMenuOption1] click "#nav li[data-ui-id='menu-magento-config-system-config']"
[waitForConfigurationPageLoad1] wait for page load 60
[seeCurrentUrlMatchesConfigPath1] see current url matches "~\/admin\/system_config\/~"
[clickCatalogMenuOption] click "#something"
[saveScreenshot] save screenshot 
[disableUrlSecretKeys] magento cli "config:set admin/security/use_form_key 0",60
Value was saved.

[cleanInvalidatedCaches2] magento cli "cache:clean config full_page",60
Cleaned cache types:
config
full_page

[logout] AdminLogoutActionGroup
  [amOnPage] am on page "/admin/admin/auth/logout/"
 FAIL 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The general test details and scenario has the same format as in the Passed test.

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[clickCatalogMenuOption] click "#something"
[saveScreenshot] save screenshot 

When a test step fails, MFTF always saves a screenshot of the web page with the failing state immediately after the failure occurs. [saveScreenshot] save screenshot follows the failing test step [clickCatalogMenuOption] click "#something" in our case.

A screenshot of the fail goes at the acceptance/tests/_output directory in both PNG and HTML formats:

  • Magento.AcceptanceTest._default.Backend.AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest.fail.html
  • Magento.AcceptanceTest._default.Backend.AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest.fail.png

The file name encodes:

  • Magento namespace
  • with the AcceptanceTest test type
  • generated as a part of the _default suite
  • defined at the Magento_Backend module
  • implemented in the AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest PHP class
  • with the AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest test name
  • and execution status fail

Actions after saveScreenshot are run as a part of the after hook of the test.

Test result report

After MFTF completed test execution, it generates a general report about test results along with detailed information about each fail.

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Time: 02:07.534, Memory: 150.50 MB

There was 1 failure:
---------

MFTF reports that the test run took 02:07.534 using 150.50 MB of system RAM. And, finally, that there was 1 failure.

Next, the report provides details about the test failure.

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---------
1) AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest: Admin menu navigation with secret keys test
 Test  tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.php:AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest
 Step  Click "#something"
 Fail  CSS or XPath element with '#something' was not found.

Scenario Steps:

 27. // Exiting Action Group [logout] AdminLogoutActionGroup
 26. $I->amOnPage("/admin/admin/auth/logout/") at tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.php:55
 25. // Entering Action Group [logout] AdminLogoutActionGroup
 24. // Cleaned cache types:
config
full_page

 23. $I->magentoCLI("cache:clean config full_page",60) at tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.php:52
 22. // Value was saved.
  • 1) AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest: Admin menu navigation with secret keys test - the failed Codeception test is AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest. It references to the PHP class that implemented the failed test.

  • Test tests/functional/Magento/_generated/default/AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.php:AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest - the test is implemented in the AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest test method of the tests/functional/Magento/FunctionalTest/_generated/default/AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTestCest.php file under <magento root>/dev/tests/acceptance/. It matches the corresponding test defined in XML that is AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest defined in <test name="AdminMenuNavigationWithSecretKeysTest">...</test>

  • Step Click "#something" - the failing test step is the click action with the #something selector. It would correspond the <click selector="#something" ... /> test step in the XML defined tests.

Finally, the report finishes with fairly self-descriptive lines.

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FAILURES!
Tests: 2, Assertions: 2, Failures: 1.

MFTF encountered failures due to the last test run, that included 2 tests with 2 assertions. 1 assertion fails.

Allure

Each time you run tests, MFTF appends an XML file with results at the tests/_output/allure-results/ directory.

The official Allure Test Report documentation is well-covered, so we’ll list only the CLI commands that you would need for your day-to-day work.

The following commands are relative to the Magento installation directory.

To generate the HTML Allure report in a temporary folder and open the report in your default web browser:

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allure serve dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-results/

To generate a report to the allure-report/ at the current directory:

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allure generate dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-result

To generate a report to a particular directory, use the -o option:

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allure generate dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-result -o dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-report

To launch the generated report in a web browser:

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allure open dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-report

By default, Allure generates reports in the allure-report/ at the current directory. For example, if you run the command without -o flag while you are in the magento2/ directory, Allure will generate a report at the magento2/allure-report/ directory.

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allure generate dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-result

Example of file structure after the command run:

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magento2
├── allure-report
├── app
├── bin
├── dev
├── ...

And if you run the open command with no arguments while you are in the same directory (magento2/):

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allure open

Allure would attempt to open a generated report at the magento2/allure-report/ directory.

To clean up existing reports before generation (for example after getting new results), use the --clean flag:

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allure generate dev/tests/acceptance/tests/_output/allure-result --clean

Refer to the Reporting section for more Allure CLI details.